In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Brisbane as a Beta world city.The Moreton Bay area was initially explored by Matthew Flinders.He formed additional outstations and made several important journeys of exploration.He is also infamous for his extreme use of the Cat o' nine tails on convicts.In 1942 Brisbane was the site of a violent clash between visiting US military personnel and Australian servicemen and civilians which resulted in one death and hundreds of injuries.This incident became known colloquially as the Battle of Brisbane.
Also used as a headquarters by the American troops during World War II was the T & G Building.
Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859.
During World War II, Brisbane played a central role in the Allied campaign and served as the South West Pacific headquarters for United States Army General Douglas Mac Arthur.
Trams in Brisbane were a popular mode of public transport until the network was closed in 1969, leaving Melbourne as the last Australian city to operate a tram network until recently.
The 1974 Brisbane flood was a major disaster which temporarily crippled the city.